Maintaining your own Cannabis garden can be pleasurable and cost-efficient labor of love and the art of cloning weed is one of them. Nothing can compare to the joy you can get knowing that you’ve produced premium quality flowers through your own sheer hard work. However, to keep your garden thriving, you must keep in mind the future generation of your greens. While most growers opt to grow their crops from seed, others resort to cloning to pass on prime traits onto the next generation. If you aren’t aware of this trend yet, read below to know what is cloning and how to do it step-by-step!
What is Cloning Weed?
Cloning weed is an efficient yet inexpensive technique of propagating new Cannabis plants. It is a method of asexual reproduction that enables you to create a replica of a Mother plant. By only taking a cutting or an explant and planting into a rooting medium, you can grow an entirely new plant with the exact genetics. You skip out on buying seeds and running into new features. Instead, with proper planning and execution, you can keep your healthiest and most desirable strain for years.
Cloning will become second nature to you once you’ve learned the process. If you’re eager to do this method, read below the step-by-step guide and the information you’ll need to start cloning weed.
Step 1: Select and Prepare Your “Mother Plant” for cloning weed
Cloning starts by choosing a mother to clone. It is fundamental to select a female strain that appears relatively sturdy, healthy and have the best attributes you’ll want to pass onto your clones. At a minimum, it should also be in its vegetative stage of at least two months old. Taking the cuttings sooner than this can result in getting clones not mature enough to develop roots. If in case they still root, chances are they’re still developing unequally and have exceedingly slow growth.
In this case, the longer, the better that the parent is still in its vegetative phase. If you could wait up to three months, it will allow the plant to grow ample enough and give your cuttings stronger chances of rooting. Moreover, as more branches grow, you will get the most number of clones from the parent plant.
After you’ve selected the Mother Plant, see to it to water it well for 2 to 3 days before you take the cuttings. Through this, you can wash out all the nitrogen and make it easier for your new plants to root.
Step 2: Cutting The Clones
Now that you’ve selected and prepared your Mother Plant, it’s time to do the actual cutting. Make sure to get sharp blades and scissors and sterilize them prior to the procedure. Then, pick vigorous, sturdy branches that are 8-10 inches long, consisting of at least 3-4 nodes and a healthy developing tip. Mostly they are found from the lower limbs of the vegetative females. Those with stems with larger leaves are most likely to root faster.
Now, make an angular cut just before the first batch of nodes. Create a diagonal cut at a 45-degree angle. Through this, you can give the clone more surface area at the base of its stem for roots to develop. See to it to cut cautiously and avoid smashing the stem while doing the process. In the meantime, you can store removed clones in the water while you’re getting more clones.
Step 3: Trimming the Clone
After cutting the clones from the mother plants, trim off some leaves and nodes to ensure that the stem can fit in your growing medium. Quickly remove unnecessary branches or leaves. See to it to keep at least 1-2 of trimmed nodes which you’ll plant at ground level and at least two batches of leaves over the soil line. Once ready, dip into your rooting hormones. They can come in a powder or gel that massively speeds up the cellular-level plant processes and allow your clones to manufacture new root cells.
*Reminder, make sure to be very gentle throughout the process. Any stress can significantly disrupt its hormones and stunt its growth.
Step 4: Planting the Clone
Planting the clones comes next after applying your preferred rooting hormone. Carefully the cutting into your desired and treated growth medium. While Coconut fibres are great alternatives, Oasis cubes or Rockwool are still preferred the options. Get the bottom of a pen, or a chopstick and create a hole into the medium. Ideally, the gap should be a little wider than the stem and around half an inch deep. Afterward, place your clone gently onto the medium. Surround the stem with a solid layer of soil when packing the soil.
Next, water the surface of the growth medium evenly until moist. Take extra caution not to drown the delicate sprouting rooting system of your clones. Furthermore, it is advisable to place your clones into a moisture dome to keep high humidity and encourage faster root growth. You can use humidity controllers to ensure that you are providing the best environment for your clones.
Moreover, ample light is also essential for the development of your clones. Place them to 12 inches under a fluorescent light and give them around 18 to 24 hours light on or daily photoperiod.
Step 5: Transplanting the Clone
After planting the cones, they typically begin to develop roots after 7 days. Then, within 14 days, they will have a complete root system. You’ll know that they are ready for transplant once you notice new roots growing at the bottom or on the side of the growth medium. If they are present, moved into a pot, hydroponic system and grow tent.
Cloning weed is one of the trickiest tasks any novice Cannabis grower can have, and even for those who are more experienced, it can still be a daunting one. Make sure to follow the steps given above to yield the best results.
Remember to devote sheer patience, one or two successful grows under your belt is enough to celebrate. Soon enough, you’ll be producing each of your crops and save more money!